If A Bank Closes, What Happens To My Loan? | Bankrate (2024)

Key takeaways

  • If a bank goes bankrupt, your loans will not be affected and your funds will be protected by the FDIC.
  • If a lender collapses, your loan may be transferred to another institution, but you are still responsible for making payments.
  • To protect yourself, make sure your contact information is up to date, keep copies of your statements, and continue making payments as usual.
  • If your credit score decreases after your loan is transferred, contact the new lender to avoid potential issues.

If you have a personal loan or another type of loan and your lender goes under, you may be wondering how this affects your debt. The good news is that there’s not much to worry about, although there are some precautions you should take to protect yourself just in case.

If a bank collapses, what happens to its loans?

The first thing you need to know is that if you have a loan, it won’t be affected by the lender going bankrupt. Your repayment term, interest rateand outstanding balance should all remain the same.

Most importantly, says Karen Bennet, senior consumer banking reporter for Bankrate, your funds will be protected.

When a federally insured bank fails, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. (FDIC) takes over the bank. It’ll then either sell or dissolve the bank — but your funds are protected, as long as you’re within the set balance guidelines. When a bank fails, the FDIC guarantees your insured deposits will be returned within two business days. — Karen Bennet, senior consumer banking reporter for Bankrate

Here’s what happens when a lender fails, whether it’s a bank or another financial institution.

1. Its assets are sold

Its assets are sold to pay off creditors. Loans and other accounts are considered part of those assets. That means your account will most likely be sold to another institution, which will then take over and manage it just like your previous lender did.

In most cases, these accounts or assets are packaged and sold to the same lender. However, there’s also a chance that accounts are split among different institutions. If you have more than one type of loan with the lender, they may end up with more than one creditor.

2. You hear from the new lender

Both the defunct institution and the new lender must send you written notice with the transaction’s details.

Once the transfer is completed, typically a month before payments begin, you’ll get another letter from your new lender. It will have all your new account details, including your new payment due date and where to send your payments.

Are debts forgiven if the lender goes bankrupt?

Although debts are a liability for you, they’re lender assets. When a lender files for bankruptcy, it must sell its assets to gain liquidity. So, no, your loans aren’t forgiven if your lender goes bankrupt. You’re still responsible for making payments. The only difference is that you’ll be sending payments to another institution instead of the one that originally gave you the loan.

You still owe the money even if a bank fails

While the failure of your lending institution does shift where your payments will be sent, it doesn’t change the importance of paying off your loan. It is not a valid excuse for missing loan payments. Doing so can result in personal loan default.

What to do if your lender goes under

Lenders may sell your loans and other accounts to other institutions at any time, even if they do not go bankrupt. Though there isn’t anything you can do about it, you can take these precautions to protect yourself in case something goes amiss during the account transfer:

  • Make sure your contact information is up to date: Having the correct contact information on file will ensure you receive all important communications regarding your loan account and don’t miss any payments.
  • Download and keep copies of your recent statements: Your loan terms, interest rate and outstanding loan balance should remain the same, even if you have a new lender. Still, having copies of your previous statements could be of help if some of this information gets mixed up during the transfer, as it serves as evidence of what your account should look like.
  • Keep making payments as usual: Unless you’ve received your new account details from the new lender, you should keep making payments to your original lender, even if you’ve received notice that your account will be transferred soon.
  • Keep tabs on your credit score: You may see your credit score drop by a few points when your loan switches to a new servicer. However, this will be temporary until payment history is established in that new account. If you see a drop in your credit score despite making payments as usual, that’s a sign that the lender may not have received the payment. If that happens, contact your new lender immediately, so they can help with this issue.

The bottom line

Learning that your lender has gone bankrupt can be nervewracking, however, there’s not much to worry about. Your loan’s terms and personal loan rates should remain unchanged, even if a different institution is handling the account. Just keep making payments as usual and be on the lookout for any communications that may come your way to avoid unpleasant surprises.

If A Bank Closes, What Happens To My Loan? | Bankrate (2024)


If A Bank Closes, What Happens To My Loan? | Bankrate? ›

If a bank goes bankrupt, your loans will not be affected and your funds will be protected by the FDIC. If a lender collapses, your loan may be transferred to another institution, but you are still responsible for making payments.

What happens to a loan if the bank closes? ›

If this happens, the failed bank's entire loan book is transferred to the acquiring bank, and the loan customers will simply owe the exact same amount of money and on the same terms to the new bank.

How do you get your money if a bank fails? ›

In most cases, accounts are sold to another bank, and you will automatically have access to your funds at the new institution. Funds should be available immediately. In the case of FDIC payments, the agency aims to pay out customers as soon as possible after their bank failure.

What happens to my money if banks collapse? ›

For the most part, if you keep your money at an institution that's FDIC-insured, your money is safe — at least up to $250,000 in accounts at the failing institution. You're guaranteed that $250,000, and if the bank is acquired, even amounts over the limit may be smoothly transferred to the new bank.

Who gets paid first when a bank fails? ›

Priority of Payments and Timing

By law, after insured depositors are paid, uninsured depositors are paid next, followed by general creditors and then stockholders. In most cases, general creditors and stockholders realize little or no recovery.

Can you lose your loan after closing? ›

If your financial situation changes suddenly, for example, a significant loss of income or a large amount of new debt, then your loan could be denied. Issues related to the condition of the property can lead to a loan denial after closing.

Can a bank take back a loan after closing? ›

In general, a lender cannot cancel a loan after closing unless there are specific circ*mstances outlined in the loan agreement or if fraud or misrepresentation is discovered. Once the loan has been closed and funded, the lender has typically committed the funds and established the mortgage lien on the property.

Do you lose your money if a bank closes? ›

If your bank closes, the FDIC will either try to move your money to another bank in good standing or mail you a check for up to the insured amount. If it doesn't move your money, the bank should mail you a check within two business days of closing.

What banks are in danger of failing? ›

The banks of greatest concern are Flagstar Bank and Zion Bancorporation, according to the screener. Flagstar Bank reported $113 billion in assets with a total CRE of $51 billion. The bank, however, only had $9.3 billion in total equity, making its total CRE exposure 553% of its total equity.

Can a bank refuse to give you your money? ›

Yes. Your bank may hold the funds according to its funds availability policy. Or it may have placed an exception hold on the deposit.

Where is the safest place to put money if banks collapse? ›

1. Federal Bonds. The U.S. Treasury and Federal Reserve (Fed) would be more than happy to take your funds and issue you securities in return. A U.S. government bond still qualifies in most textbooks as a risk-free security.

Is your money safe if a bank collapses? ›

If you ensure that the balance on your account is always below the sums protected by the Government guarantee, then you will get all your money back if your bank fails.

Which banks are failing in 2024? ›

Republic First Bank reported unrealized securities losses in excess of its equity as early as June 2022. State regulators closed Republic First Bank in April 2024, marking the first bank failure of the year.

What happens to your loan if a bank closes? ›

If a bank goes bankrupt, your loans will not be affected and your funds will be protected by the FDIC. If a lender collapses, your loan may be transferred to another institution, but you are still responsible for making payments.

What happens to my 401k if the bank fails? ›

A bank failure is unlikely to impact your retirement funds if they are held in separate accounts and managed by a reputable custodian or investment firm. If a prominent bank were to collapse, you might see lower returns on some of your investments for a time following the event.

What happens to credit card debt if the bank fails? ›

First and foremost, you still owe the money. If your bank fails, your credit card balance doesn't go away. The same is true for any other loans you may have at a failed bank. Second, you should receive a communication within a few weeks regarding who you should send future payments to.

What happens to a loan when a business closes? ›

Impact of Business Closure

Borrowers are still responsible for repaying the loan according to the agreed-upon terms and conditions. Financial Hardship: Closing a business can lead to financial challenges, making it difficult to meet loan repayment obligations.

What happens if you owe a bank money and the bank closes? ›

What happens when a bank closes your account with a negative balance? The consumer must pay the bank the amount they owe. If they do not pay the amount of the negative balance, it will be passed on to a debt collector.

How to get money when the bank is closed? ›

  1. The Post Office.
  2. Banking hubs.
  3. Mobile and pop-up banks.
  4. Cash machines (ATMs)
  5. Your local shop.
  6. Online banking.

What happens to my direct deposit if my bank account is closed? ›

If your account has been closed, the financial institution will return the direct deposit and a refund check will be mailed to you within 6 weeks of receipt of the returned direct deposit attempt.


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